Peculiarities of liquid cargo transportation are complicated by the need to use specialized transport, which must conform to the norms adopted for the transported substance. At the same time it is important to have information about whether the cargo is food or chemical, and in the latter case to determine its hazard. For hazardous liquids use vehicles that have high strength and have a certain marking. A special permit must be obtained when handling it. Get this information at truck dispatcher course.
Some food products require maintenance of certain conditions of temperature and pressure, so the delivery is carried out by specialized vehicles.
Transportation of liquid cargo by automobile transport is carried out by means of tank trucks or tank-containers. A tank-container is a tank enclosed in a rigid frame with standard overall dimensions. Tank-container is a separate transport unit, which can be moved from one mode of transport to another without the need to transfer to other types of containers, which greatly facilitates the delivery of liquid cargo in multimodal schemes.
Tanker trucks transport liquid cargoes at the following temperature regimes:
Natural mode – without heating or cooling. Isothermal mode – containers with insulating layers that allow to keep the original temperature of the product for a long time. With a steam jacket – provide heating of the liquid during transportation or before it is discharged to liquefy (for example, for bitumen). With self-contained heating – provide a uniform temperature along the entire route. Rules of transportation of liquid cargo To avoid disastrous consequences of transportation of liquid cargo their physical and chemical characteristics, storage conditions, methods of decontamination in case of spillage, and also methods of the first aid in case of influence of transported liquid are made in the special safety data sheet. The driver must have this document during the movement on a given route.
If the liquid is dangerous, it is subject to the rules of transportation of dangerous goods, which include obtaining a permit for the vehicle and driver, permission to travel and drawing up a special route.
Only fully serviceable vehicles are allowed to transport liquid cargo, and the containers must be free of rust, cracks, and through holes. Drainage mechanism must also be in good condition and there must be a working gasket on the lid of the loading hatch. Liquids shall be poured and discharged in accordance with the loading and unloading regulations adopted for each type of goods being transported. During transportation of liquid cargo the driver is obliged to observe safety rules on the road. It is forbidden to sharply increase speed and brake, overtaking at a speed of the vehicle more than 30 km / h, leave the vehicle unattended and let unauthorized people in the cabin. When transporting dangerous goods the driver must be aware of the rules of its neutralization and first aid in case of dangerous situations. If international transport of liquid cargo by tanker truck is carried out, it is necessary to bring the documentation in accordance with ADR (European Agreement concerning the Transport of Dangerous Goods). To avoid unforeseen situations when transporting liquid cargo, you should contact a professional logistics company, especially if we are talking about dangerous goods, because only experienced professionals can correctly draw up the documents, develop a route and get all the necessary approvals.